The elimination of Malaria (438,000 deaths per year) and a number of other deadly/debilitating diseases (Zika, dengue fever, yellow fever, etc.) is often targeted at killing mosquitoes that carry these diseases. Bill Gates has designated the mosquito “the deadliest animal in the world“, and fighting these diseases is a top priority for the Gates Foundation. Another wealthy ExMicrosoft wizard, Nathan Myhrvold, has developed a prototype laser to zap the bugs selectively. And a recent Wall St. Journal article suggests a variety of genetic engineering attacks that are in development. With the spread of these diseases beyond their traditional “range”, their impact will increase as will the needs of a broader range of countries.
There are a number of Technology and Society impacts of interest here. First, any objective for which there are multiple, diverse approaches that are likely to reach the objective are likely to be accomplished — don’t bet on the bugs here (I know, “Jurassic Park” seeks to make the point that “Nature will Find a Way” … and that is often true, but humans have been very effective at driving the extinction of so many species that geologists have declared this a new age, the Anthropocene.)
Technology for killing mosquitoes:
Second, if anyone wonders how to change the world, the answer clearly is technology — from DDT impregnated sleeping nets, lasers and genetic engineering we are talking tech— and “engineering thinking”. (My granddaughter has a T shirt: front side “A-Stounding”, back side “Stoundings: persons who like to solve problems rather than cause them.” ) I call those folks Technologists. Bugs Beware — you have a whole generation of Robotics Competition and Mindcraft modders headed your way.
Third — is this a good idea? Note, there are significant variations. Some approaches target just one species (Aedes aegypti, at least outside of it’s forest habitat origin), others target a wider range of species, others focused areas.) One recurrent human failure is anticipating consequences of our actions. What animals depend on these critters for dinner, and so forth up the food chain. What plants depend on these for pollination? We abound in ignorance on such matters, and we find it easier to fund the research for eradication than for understanding.
So .. should we eliminate the deadliest animal on earth? (let me qualify, other than Homo Sapiens.)